What Causes Gum Disease?It is normal for bacteria to accumulate in the mouth. The bacteria feed off remnants of food left on and in between the teeth. If these bacteria are not removed, they create a film on teeth called plaque, which can irritate the gum tissue. When plaque is left on the teeth, the gums can become inflamed (gingivitis) and separate from the tooth surface, creating gaps. This worsens the problem as more food debris and bacteria can hide in these gaps around the teeth. Over time, the gum tissue can deteriorate, and bone loss can occur, which can result in tooth loss.
Gum Disease PreventionTo prevent gum disease, there are simple and effective habits you need to embrace. Dental hygiene is key to preventing gingivitis and the later stages of periodontal disease. Brushing your teeth thoroughly twice a day can remove the bacteria and plaque that cause gum inflammation. You should also floss or use an interdental cleaner to remove bacteria and food debris from between the teeth. Not only does this prevent decay, but it can also help reduce the risk of gum disease. Other ways to help prevent periodontal disease include:
- Quit using tobacco – Smoking or chewing tobacco can increase your risk of gum infections and periodontal disease.
- Eat healthy -Your overall health and immune system are impacted by your diet, so eat a balanced, healthy diet to help fight oral infections.
- Dental cleanings every six months – Routine dental cleanings at your dentist are needed to remove any tartar that has accumulated and clean areas that are hard to reach.
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